Biyernes, Marso 2, 2012

Philippine History: Music from Spanish Era Spanish Influence on Philippine Music

Nowadays, we call it old-fashioned serenading. Harana originated from the Spanish Era here in the Philippines. The Harana is practiced in small towns and rural places. This is how the men court the women from before. A man accompanied by his friends would visit a woman and sing to her love songs to make her fall in love with him. The man is usually accompanied by his friends to give him moral support and also help him with the songs he will use to serenade the woman.
Harana is also called “Habanera Filipina”. This is so because its rhythmic element came from the Spanish Tango or Habanera.
There are variations of the Harana. “Tapat” is from Ilocos, this serenading is started by the man and the woman answers back also with a song. This will go on until the two agree on their relationship. Also, some examples of Harana songs are "Walay Angay", "Ay Kalisud", "No Duaduaem Pay", "Silayan", "Alaala Kita", Bituing Marikit", and "O Ilaw".

Another traditional way of serenading is the Kundiman. Kundiman came from the Province of Batangas. The Kundiman may be similar to Harana because the song is dedicated to a woman. Although in Kundiman, a man is singing about his longing for a loved one. This was also used in the Spanish Era as a means to express one’s love for country and longing for freedom. The Kundiman was used in this way because the Spaniards did not allow songs pertaining to patriotism.

J. Sonny Santos (1995, October 22). Harana. Retrieved from

Harana by Carlos V. Francisco -
Kundiman by Ramon Estella, Director Excelsior Pictures -

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